STUDIES present that greater than two-thirds of the world’s fisheries have undergone over-fishing or are utterly harvested whereas the remainder are in declining situation.
Sahabat Alam Malaysia president Meenakshi Raman mentioned that in Malaysia, trawlers and unlawful fishing nets had been among the many primary elements within the decline of marine assets.
“These lure younger fish that don’t have any business worth in contrast to mature fish and fry, ” she mentioned in an announcement marking World Fisheries Day celebrated yearly on Nov 21.
“Trawlers and unlawful nets harm the seabed and marine life breeding areas.
“Trawlers trigger battle and pressure with coastal fishermen as they usually infiltrate coastal catchment areas and harm fishing gear there.”
Meenakshi mentioned that as well as, critical consideration ought to be given to encroachment by international fishermen, particularly within the waters off the east coast of Malaysia.
“The encroachment within the waters off Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang is expensive.
“The invasion of international fishermen from neighboring international locations, particularly Vietnam, has induced the nation to lose about RM6bil a yr.
“The usage of trawlers by international fishermen threatens the protection of native fishermen, ” she mentioned.
Meenakshi welcomed the transfer by the Fisheries Division to extend fishery assets by way of the usage of synthetic reefs.
“These synthetic reefs might be breeding floor for fish.
“The reefs will function a barrier, serving to to cease trawler fishing actions within the coastal zone.
“The disposal of confiscated boats utilizing the sinking technique will profit fishermen because the sunken boats will turn out to be new fishing habitats.
“This can add to the overall variety of fish breeding areas, ” she mentioned.
She additionally hoped efforts to protect mangrove forests could be intensified.
“Current mangrove forests should be maintained and well-preserved.
“Deteriorated areas want replanting and remedy.
“Mangrove forests are a habitat for marine life to breed.
“They’re important to the life cycles of younger fish, shrimp and crabs.
“On the similar time, mangrove saplings are top-of-the-line vegetation in stabilising the Earth’s temperature and controlling world warming, ” she mentioned.